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In Space

In Space

The body changes relative to the environment it is in.

In Space it no longer needs bone density, due to the lack of gravity.

The body adapts to its new environment, in Space, shedding bone density, realising it doesn’t need it.

Too long in Space, we become more like a fish, with slender bones, because we don’t need as much bone density in Space.

Movement changes relative to the environment it is in.

On the Driving range, it no longer needs a repertoire of movement capabilities, due to the lack of variability (lie, target, wind, depth perception, wet ball, boundaries, etc.).

Movement adapts to its new environment, on the driving range, shedding its repertoire of movements.

Too long on the driving range, we become more like a fish out of water when playing golf, with a slender repertoire of movements, because we don’t need as much on the driving range.

But we do on the golf course...




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The Hungry Lion

The Hungry Lion



Which one would you like to be?

A hungry Lion?


Or a Lion that is stuffed to the gills all the time?

Which one hunts better?


Which Lion has a more heightened sense of awareness in the wild?


So what if I said to you I was going to give you feedback all the time in a golf coaching lesson.

Are you a hungry Lion?

What if I said to you I am going to tell you exactly how to stand, how and where to swing the golf club, how to grip the club….

Are you a hungry lion?

What if I said to you I am going to tell you what to practice, when to practice and for how long?

Are you a hungry lion?

What if I tell you how what club to hit, where to aim and what the lie might do to your ballflight?

Are you a hungry lion?

How do you think you will hunt?


So what if I give you a slight amount of feedback in a coaching session and explored what you can and can’t do.

Are you a hungry lion?

What if I said to you that I am not going to tell you how to stand, how to swing the golf club, how to grip the club….

Are you a hungry lion?

What if said to you I am not going to tell you what to practice, when to practice and for how long. That between us we will agree on areas of improvement and you will take ownership of your own practice with me as a sounding board.

Are you a hungry lion?

What if I don’t tell you what club to hit, where to aim, what the grass is going to do to the golf ball, how to judge the wind….. What if we explored this on the golf course and I sometimes directed your search.

Are you a hungry lion?


Which golfer do you think will be better at hunting?


Which golfer has a more heightened sense of awareness in the wild?

Which golfer would you like to be?



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Are you a Degenerate Golfer?



This diversity of golf shots described by Nick Faldo is based on Neurobiological Degeneracy, which is basically a fancy word for saying that Nick can yield the same output (i.e hit a fairway with a driver) with different swings (i.e. a low fade or high fade).

Having this variety of movement patterns to perform functionally, may be particularly relevant to the unpredictable environments encountered in golf as Tiger Woods describes in this clip.



Indeed in my research interviewing European Tour players all the players stated that their strategies changed from shot to shot, hole to hole, day to day, and week to week, based on what they had ‘seen’ on the golf course and how they felt their own capabilities were in that specific period of time.


They all described adapting the way they hit a golf ball when they felt their current strategy was not working. One European Tour Player, on winning a tournament, described playing a shot that he did not want to see in that tournament, but it was a shot that he knew was going to be functional.

‘The time I won in ……….. I wasn’t in a great (form), even during the tournament I wasn’t that great, but I played functional, you know I knew where I was going and just kind of played to my strength . So there has been that I’ve won when I’m not playing that great….. so that week I just aimed to the left and I sliced it back in play. And it’s a shot I don’t particularly like, it’s a low slice as well, not a shot I like but it was a shot that worked. Basically it’s not going the other way, so that’s what I did.’


This Neurobiological Degeneracy, (i.e. having more than one way to hit a golf ball) is seen in expert sports performers over many sporting domains, so one could suggest it is a rule of expert performance, rather than an exception.


So if it is a rule the question turns to:


What are you doing in practice or when playing to promote Degeneracy?


Will hitting 300 balls on a driving range checking your swing in a mirror Promote Degeneracy?


Will experimentation and exploration, like Tiger's quote below, Promote Degeneracy?

As a junior golfer when I practiced with my Pop – we always played games trying to make the ball do different things from different situations. High shots, low shots, we tried to make the ball bounce left or right after it hit the ground. We did all sorts of things.’

Tiger Woods


So are you a Degenerate Golfer?

If not, how do you plan to become one?




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You are not the average golfer - You Reap what you sow


You are not the average golfer –


You reap what you sow


‘you eventually have to face up to the consequences of your actions.’




I was recently asked this question by a friend (read the blog here):


‘How does this blog apply to the average golfer that doesn’t practice?’




My answer was it doesn’t and it never will.


In all honesty, my articles are specific to you, you are not the average golfer, you are the golfer who practices, not the golfer who doesn’t practice.


Let me tell you a story of a colleague of mine.


He recently bemoaned the fact that he was getting lots of golfers in that expected a miracle in the 1st few lessons and wanted their swings to look aesthetically pleasing.


The colleague is quite prolific on social media, however, the content is either quick tips or pretty golf swings of his students.


‘You reap what you sow’


That’s is one of the reasons why you will never see a quick tip on You Tube or a pretty golf swing of any the golfers I spend time with on social media.


If you are leading golfers to believe that quick tips are going to have effective long-term positive effects on one’s game, then, of course, that’s what the golfers who come to you will be looking for.


‘You reap what you sow’


From me, you’ll get articles on long-term development, relationships and practice.


Because you want to get better and understand that this takes time, effort and a little support along the way.


Because you are not the average golfer.



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The Tale of Two Environments - Tips for enhancing your golf practice

As a big kid, I used to love playing a computer game called Pro Evolution Soccer. I became very proficient at beating the computer (AI) at all the hardest challenges.

However, when the onset of online game came to play I really struggled to transfer my skill set when playing individuals online.

You see they had different strategies and ways of playing that I was not used to. The computer I had grown up playing against wasn’t very adaptable and had very predictable patterns of play.

Once you understood the patterns it was fairly easy to beat the computer.

Playing against humans was completely unpredictable and frustrating (because I was getting beat all the time and was so used to winning!).

I had to come up with new strategies and ways of playing in each game.

I had to become adaptable to change and the only way I could do this was put myself in this environment (online gaming) more and more often.

Over last winter I helped a student called Craig, Craig was fairly new to the game.

Due to Craig’s work commitments and poor weather we spent all of our time together in the indoor simulator until April working on strike and co-ordination.

In March we measured all of Craig’s clubs carry distances and dispersion on the Trackman simulator and how this compared to when we 1st tested Craig. Craig was now hitting the ball much further and straighter when tested indoors.

Craig came back after a few weeks and said he was still struggling on the golf course to lower his scores even although he was hitting it further and straighter than ever before.

We toddled off to the golf course, 1st hole Craig hits a great drive down the middle and leaves himself 160 yards to the green. Craig pulls out an 8iron hits the ball extremely well and proceeds to airmail the green by easily 20 yards, his ball coming to rest, at pace, in a particularly nasty bush. Craig looked at the shot perplexed.

When I asked Craig his decision making on the shot:

Craig – I had 160 to go. I hit my 8iron, on average 160 yards when we measured it. I hit an 8iron.

Me – Ok. What factors do you think you have potentially missed out on this shot?

Craig – The wind is behind us?

Me – Sure, anything else?

Craig – Downhill shot?

Me – Yup, anything else?

Craig – mmm, not sure.

Me – When was the last time it rained?

Craig – A while ago.

Me – So what does that do to ground conditions?

Craig – Makes it firmer.

Me – Perfect, so exploring what you now know let’s have another try.

After repetition of this process a few times Craig hit a 50-degree wedge that came to rest on the middle of the green. Indoor without any environmental factors Craig hits this club about 120 yards.

You see over the winter (not through choice, more through circumstance) Craig has practiced and learned golf mainly on the driving range or our indoor area. Much like me playing against the computer Craig was used to predictable patterns of play, however, on the golf course, there is rarely predictable patterns of play.

Shall we get a little geeky when trying to explain the incongruence between range/indoor area and golf course and explain it through some research?

The range has an absence of the relevant information sources experienced on the golf course, therefore, the information experienced on the driving range (an open field, flat lie, no greens to see how the ball reacts, no fairways, water, boundaries, time between shots, no score taking etc.) can lead you to using information that is non-specific to the golf course therefore supporting the emergence of different behaviours (Davids et al., 2012). Compelling evidence supports this argument, showing that when the informational constraints of a task are different, different patterns of behavior and movement emerge (Dicks, Button & Davids, 2008). In the case of Craig and the lack of transfer from range to the golf course, Craig, on the range was never presented with the wind, dry fairways, downhill slope and how that affected his ball in relation to the target. Therefore is it any wonder Craig struggled to figure it out?

In Craig’s case, he had no choice but to train in this environment over the winter due to weather and light and to be honest there is not much getting round this unless Craig wins the lottery and spends his time from November to April in warmer climates!

Therefore Craig’s awareness that the two environments were different was/is key to his development. He now understands that much like my computer game experience the golf course is far more unpredictable and asked him many more questions than the driving range/indoor area. He now understands that he needs to spend more time on the golf course trying to answer these questions.

Comparable to Craig on the golf course and I on the console, you need to be reticent of how the environment that you are developing your skills is shaping your behavior and how closely that is linked to your performance environment, the golf course.

Tips for enhancing the transfer of learning:

Ask yourself the following questions

  1. Does what I am doing in training resemble anything to do with golf?
  2. Does what I am doing in training present me with any of the problems that the golf course throws at me?
  3. Does my training environment closely resemble the performance environment I am striving to get to?
  4. Does my training environment include any similar emotions that I experience in performance?
  5. Do I have to make any decisions in training that are similar to performance?

If the answer is no to any of these get in touch and let’s have a chat and see if we can enhance the transfer from your training to the golf course, ultimately leading to you scoring lower scores.

Or come to a Train with the Pro’s session and you’ll experience a training environment that ‘Looks, Smells & Feels’ like golf.




Davids, K., Renshaw, I., Pinder, R., Araújo, D., & Vilar, L. (2012). Principles of Motor Learning in Ecological Dynamics A comment on Functions of Learning and the Acquisition of Motor Skills ( With Reference to Sport ), 113–117.

Dicks, M., Davids, K., & Arau´ jo, D. (2008). Ecological psychology and task representativeness: Implications for the design of perceptual-motor training programmes in sport. In Y. Hong & R. Bartlett (Eds.), Handbook of biomechanics and human movement science (pp. 129–139). New York, NY: Routledge.

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